Lithuanians like to eat a lot and enjoy good food. Lithuanian cuisine is pretty simple but has a wide range of interesting dishes. Rye, barley, potatoes, various meats, beetroot, greens, mushrooms and dairy products are one of its specialties.
Most of the dishes that compose the Lithuanian cuisine are made after traditional recipes. The climate and the agriculture are not different from the ones in the other Eastern European countries. Hence, many of the ingredients can be found in the national cuisines of the nearby countries. However, Over the centuries Lithuanians have created a unique palette of dishes, influenced by the culture of various nationalities.
Didžkukuliai or Cepelinai – the most famous national dish of Lithuania. The most impressive of these is cepelinai, large boiled potato dumplings stuffed with meat. They are usually served with sour cream, curd cheese or mushrooms.
Vėdarai or Potato Sausages – the most exotic Lithuanian dish. It is pork intestines stuffed with grated raw potato, baked in a wood stove or electric oven.
Soup is very well-known in Lithuania. There is vegetable soup, meat soup, soup with chicken or other poultry, even beer soup.
Šaltibarščiai – Cold Borscht (Beetroot Soup) – Šaltibarščiai is a popular summer soup. It is made from cooked shredded beets, cucumber, dill and green onions. All the vegetables are put into a pot and cold soured milk or kefir (a fermented milk product) is added. Šaltibarščiai are usually served with hot boiled or fried potatoes on the side and boiled eggs. It is a great meal on a hot summer day.
Juoda Duona or Black Rye Bread – The Lithuanian dark rye bread is delicious, heavy, fragrant and can remain fresh for years. It can be eaten during breakfast, lunch or dinner.
Balandėliai or Little Doves – are made from cabbage leaves stuffed with a minced meat, rice and onion filling. They can be served with sour cream or tomato sauce.
Bulviniai blynai – or potato pancakes are one of the many Lithuanian dishes made from potatoes. They are usually served with sour cream, sometimes with mushrooms.
Skilandis – is a pig stomach loaded with minced meat, cold-smoked and matured for some time. It is one of the many smoked meat products that are popular in Lithuania, such as smoked and dried ham or smoked sausage (dešra).
Suktiniai (Arba Zrazai) – a fried beef stuffed with salt pork, crushed garlic and caraway seeds.
Lašiniai – are pieces of pork in under skin fat with skin, often consumed as an appetizer with bread and/or onions. Lithuanian lašiniai are a smoked product while the Russian and Ukrainian version salo is usually salted.